Four-wire, delta-connected transformers should always be wired so that the B phase is the high leg. A delta-wye transformer is a type of three-phase electric power transformer design that employs delta-connected windings on its primary and wye/star connected windings on its secondary. These type of connections are not common, but I believe you'd consider this transformer being solidly grounded. Three Phase Four Wire Delta with a High Leg. In the case of a delta-wye transformer, you now know how to size the primary side. Understanding and abiding by its guidelines could mean the difference between coming home safe at the end of the day or not coming home at all. 4)? When working with delta transformers, don’t forget about the “high leg” (see the Sidebar below). Even when open delta transformer is load … High leg delta transformer.svg. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. An open delta transformer is a three phase transformer that only has two primary and secondary windings, with one side of the delta phase diagram “open”. Voltage to neutral is 120V at legs A & C, but it is 240V between leg B and neutral. Phase load — The load on the transformer winding. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The voltage measured from this center tapped neutral to the third “wild” leg is 208 Vac.This service almost always has a neutral connection, but in some rare situations, the neutral conductor is not available. In Not a Good Day to Die: The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda , Army Times staff writer Sean Naylor describes Delta as having, at the time, nearly 1,000 soldiers, of which approximately 250 to 300 are trained to conduct direct action and hostage rescue operations. Now, let's solve for the phase current (phase power=12kVA, per winding). Let's look at another example problem. Because line current of a 3-phase load is calculated by the following formula: ILine=150,000VA÷(240V×1.732)= 208A per line. If you took the per line power of 50,000VA and divided by one line voltage of 120V, you would come up with an incorrect line current of 50,000VA÷ 120V=417A. Once you balance the transformer, size it to the load of each phase. This conductor needs to be marked permanently by orange outer finish where ever connection is made. A high leg delta connection is a configuration in which one of the windings in a delta connected secondary of a transformer is centre-tapped and grounded. On our transformers, this center point is between A and B, which makes the C leg the “high leg” in that you can get 208V between it and X4. 240V, single-phase loads: 100% of the load on Phase A or B. When DELTA comes into a building, it then goes to a transformer where the winding across two of the lines is center-tapped, producing 115 Volts from each line to that center-tap. Power is transmitted over long distances at high voltage. English: Secondary extension of a split-phase electric power transformer … A Delta Delta is a 3-phase connection without a neutral you’re going the same voltage on the primary to the same voltage of the secondary but it’s used for high current applications like stated in this article. In a delta system, the line voltage equals the phase voltage. Size the “C” transformer using two times the highest of “C1” or “C2.” The “C” transformer is actually a single unit. The National Electrical Code (NEC) sets the gold standard for the safe installation of electrical wiring and equipment in the United States. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. To properly size a delta/delta transformer, the transformer phases (windings) must be balanced. Da auf zwei Leitern Spannung anliegt, wird es oftmals irrtümlich als Zweiphasenstrom-System bezeichnet. But the delta system also has a high-leg. In almost all isolated, transformer based inverters (old school), the solution was to just not use the neutral. following formula: The 208V connection is typically not used. The Buss feeding the transformer apparently has a grounded delta, the voltage between each leg is 240V, phase to phase. To better understand what happens in a delta system, try running these numbers with a 10A load and then with a 75A load. It is possible to connect a center tap Delta transformer such that B is the “high leg”. It is also known as red leg connection or wild leg connection or orange leg connection. You can do that with a two-step process: Step 1. An equivalent term is delta-star transformer. This conversion happens inside a transformer. The starting surge or momentary brownout when a large motor starts may be part of your problem. Don’t Let Arcing Ground Faults Sneak Up on You, Contact Voltage Testing: Tricks of the Trade, 5 Most Memorable Moving Violations Videos of 2019, 5 Most Memorable Moving Violations Videos of 2018, 5 Most Memorable Moving Violations Videos of 2017, 5 Most Memorable Moving Violations Videos of 2016. 2)? This is referred to as the high leg. Line — The ungrounded (hot) conductor(s). Determine the VA rating of all loads. If the secondary of this transformer is delta then, the centre of any one of the phases is centre-tapped and grounded. Our Site uses cookie. Delta transformer sizing. The answer is (c), a or b. High Leg Delta Service The solar inverter, being very good at protecting itself from damage, will sense the 208V potential if connected between Phase B and the neutral, remain in standby status, and flash some kind if light, indicating a problem. A high-leg delta system (also commonly called red leg and wild leg among others) is a common configuration involving a transformer secondary having one winding center tapped with neutral and grounded. These cookies do not store any personal information. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. For example, a 120V delta transformer will have a 208V leg (Figure 12–1). Electrical Product Listing: To Be or Not to Be? This configuration gets its name because in an electrical drawing it looks like a triangle (Greek symbol Δ for the letter “delta”). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. This allows 120V single phase for single-phase loads and 240V three-phase for three-phase loads, both served by a single transformer. High leg delta also suggests you have large motors or other heavy loads in your facility (and large loads is why they use this arrangement). 120/208 is the result of a 230 volt Delta system transformed to a Wye system by a distribution transformer creating a grounded neutral point at the out put. In a delta transformer, the line current doesn't equal the phase current (as it does in a wye transformer). services in the same distibution system. Many call it a high-leg system because the voltage from Line 2 to ground is higher than that of the other legs. The line conductors are connected to the unit where the two single-phase transformers meet. 6). Watch some of the wildest Code violations that NEC Consultant Russ LeBlanc discovered this past year. © 2020 Endeavor Business Media, LLC. This service is common in older facilities that only have small 3-phase loads. Because the Code is so important to electrical professionals, EC&M readers continually rank the NEC as their top area of interest. If the secondary is a delta winding, the ground may be connected to a center tap on one winding (high leg delta) or one phase may be grounded (corner grounded delta). For example, a 120V delta transformer will have a 208V leg. Difference between single-phase and three-phase…, Transformer kVA calculator - Based on load, Selection and sizing of transformers - made easy, Electrical wiring colour codes - Important, NPN vs PNP Transistor | Difference between PNP and NPN. The following five clips were the most memorable Moving Violations videos of this year. Graphics are not included in this Disadvantages of open delta transformer. Single-pole breakers should not be connected to the high leg. Let's try another practice problem to reinforce these concepts. Transformer configuration names like and derive from the way the windings are connected inside the transformer. Ein Einphasen-Dreileiternetz (englisch split-phase electric power) ist ein Stromversorgungs-System, das üblicherweise in Nordamerika für Einfamilien-Haushalte und Kleinbetriebe (bis etwa 100 kW) verwendet wird. Consider this method the next time you're sizing delta-connected transformers, where most of the loads are line-to-line. 1). To avoid confusion with transformer calculations, it's important to have a firm grasp of some basic concepts (Fig. What is a high leg delta connection? Line voltage — The voltage between any two line (ungrounded) conductors (A1 and A2 in Fig. The center point (X4 on our transformers) is grounded. A special purpose polyphase transformer is the zigzag transformer. Occasionally, (especially in older facilities or in oil well and irrigation applications), you may encounter a three-phase delta service with one phase (leg) connected to ground, called a “corner grounded delta” or “grounded leg service”. Can provide power to four wire grounded service by having the midtap grounded on one leg of the transformer. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Your star star would be the same type of system except now you’re driving a neutral at the center point of the three phases. It costs the utility less to supply this because only 2 transformers are needed on the utility pole. This year wasn't short of outlandish installations — some certainly worse than others. Balance the loads on the transformer windings as follows: 3-phase loads: one-third of the load on each of the phases. The phase to neutral voltage can be calculated using the The above figure shows the connection diagram of an open delta system. Unbalanced load (neutral current) — The load on the secondary grounded (neutral) conductors. Watch Russ illustrate exactly what not to do when it comes to safe, Code-compliant electrical installations. It has a SAFETY GROUND, but that's different. Once you're comfortable with these terms, you should be ready to tackle all types of transformer calculations. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 3 above)? People who watch these videos undoubtedly are left wondering what the heck the installer was (or wasn't) thinking. (a) three single-phase, 25kVA transformers. By doing so, we are creating a split phase supply as well as a three-phase delta connected supply. The phase load in VA of a single-phase 240V load is the line load (all on one winding). High-leg delta (also called “red-leg” or “wild-leg” delta) configuration are commonly used in older. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. In order to supply domestic and residential applications, it needs to be stepped down to 120V or 230V single phase. You find delta-delta transformers most often in special applications. You can place some of the 240V, single-phase load on Phase C when necessary for balance. We can also use the formula: ILine = VALine÷(ELine×√3). Transformer configuration names like “delta” and “wye” derive from the way the windings are connected inside the transformer. It is also known as red leg connection or wild leg connection or orange leg connection. Over the course of 2020, Russ LeBlanc, NEC consultant, has taken readers into the field with him through his "Moving Violations" video series. These connections determine the way the transformer will behave, and they also determine the methods of calculation required for properly applying a given transformer. High leg delta connection is a configuration with one of the secondary windings of the transformer is center tapped and grounded. There are many possible configurations that may involve more or fewer than six windings and various tap connections. Phase current — The current flowing through the transformer winding (D1 and D2 in Fig. 120V loads: 100% of the load on C1 or C2. Many call it a high-leg system because the voltage from Line 2 to ground is higher than that of the other legs. 1. Note these formulas: If you plug some numbers in, you can more clearly see the effects of the delta configuration on currents. Es ist die Wechselstrom-Variante von Edisons mittlerweile historischem Dreileiter-Gleichspannungs-System. Each transformer is rated as 10 kVA (current rating is 10 A and voltage rating is 1000 V). Three single phase transformers connected in closed delta connection can be rewired to open delta in case one transformer is taken out of service for maintenance, though at reduced kVA capacity. Delta-connected transformers have three windings connected end-to-end with each other. High-leg delta (also known as wild-leg, stinger leg, bastard leg, high-leg, orange-leg, or red-leg delta) is a type of electrical service connection for three-phase electric power installations. The phase with 208V supply to the ground is called High-Leg or Orange leg. It is used when both single and three-phase power is desired to be supplied from a three phase transformer (or transformer bank). 1. In this case, the 5–10% 120 capacity does not meet upgrade requirements. A high leg delta connection is a configuration in which one of the windings in a delta connected secondary of a transformer is centre-tapped and grounded. You can use one single-phase 75kVA transformer or three 25kVA transformers for this load. The phase load in VA of a single-phase, 120V load is the line load (all on one winding). The answer is found as follows: You can calculate the phase current of a delta transformer winding by dividing the phase VA by the phase volts: IPhase = VAPhase÷EPhase. In a delta system, the line current is greater than the phase current by the square root of 3, which is about 1.732). After next month's article, which will address the wye transformer calculations, you'll be able to size any combination of delta and wye transformers. This configuration gets its name because in an electrical drawing it looks like a triangle (Greek symbol Δ for the letter “delta”). These connections determine the way the transformer will behave, and they also determine the methods of calculation required for properly applying a given transformer. three-phase electric power installations in which it supplies both line-to-line and line-to-neutral. Why balance the panel in amperes? It can be observed that at point ‘A’ Kirchoff’s Current Law (KCL) is satisfied. This creates both a split-phase single phase supply (L1 or L2 to neutral on diagram at right) a… A substitute for high leg delta is WYE or star-connected secondary with the centre point grounded. Open delta transformers are rare and are typically only used for small loads where cost is important. Open delta transformers are three phase devices, with only two windings on each of the primary and secondary sides. If one side has a larger load, that side determines the transformer size. While cheaper than a conventional three winding transformer, the open delta will only deliver 57.7% of the power of a conventional transformer (not two thirds, 66.7% as may be expected). Modeling High-Leg (Open Delta) Transformer. 6). Delta-connected transformers have the windings of three single-phase transformers connected in series with each other to. First, let's solve for the line current (total line power=36kVA). It can be a single three-phase transformer, or built from three independent single-phase units. In a wye system, the phase voltage is less than the line voltage by the square root of 3 (A2 and C2 in Fig. A neutral wire can be provided on wye output side. By doing so, we are creating a split phase supply as well as a three-phase delta connected supply. The high leg can be calculated by multiplying the phase A to neutral voltage times 1.732 (120 x 1.732 = 208). Connection Diagram of Open Delta Transformer. Fig. Step 2. In a delta system, the phase current is less than the line current by the square root of 3. It would most likely be used to block fault current and voltage is from the … High leg Delta (high leg B) (red dog B) connection . Possible solutions in the past have been to: † Separate the 120 into a single-phase panel and the 240 into a three-phase panel. The three-phase power is connected in the delta configuration, and the center point of one phase is grounded. Line current — The current on the ungrounded conductors (B1 and B2 in Fig. symbol Dfor the letter “delta”). The phase load in VA of a 3-phase, 240V load is the line load divided by three (one third of load on each winding). Copyright © 2020 Electrical Classroom. Let's try this with a 240V, 36kVA, 3-phase load (Fig. See the diagram below. Delta Force's structure is similar to the British 22nd SAS Regiment, the unit that inspired Delta's formation. For example, what is the secondary line current for a 480V to 240/120V, 150kVA, 3-phase delta transformer (Fig. Fig. In a wye system, the line current equals the phase current. 5 below). Deutsch: Sekundärseitge Schaltung eines Dreiphasentransformators als Erweiterung des Einphasen-Dreileiternetzes; Anwendung im nordamerikanischen Raum. In this … It is commonly used to provide two 120V AC and one 208V AC circuit with reference to neutral although other voltages are possible depending on the phase to phase voltage on the … High-leg delta (also known as wild-leg, stinger leg, bastard leg, high-leg, orange-leg, red-leg, dog-leg delta) is a type of electrical service connection for three-phase electric powerinstallations. Why not take the VA per phase and divide by phase voltage? You can determine if you have a corner grounded delta service by using a multimeter (DMM) to measure the voltage between each phase and ground. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Tatsächlich liegen an beiden Leitern jedoch lediglich gegenphasige (180° zueinander) Wech… The most common configuration is the delta-wye. 6). Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. High-leg delta (also known as wild-leg, stinger leg, bastard leg, high-leg, orange-leg, or red-leg delta) is a type of electrical service connection for three-phase electric power installations. In a standard delta–wye (or wye–delta) transformer, the positive-sequence currents and voltages on the high voltage side lead the positive-sequence currents and voltages on the low voltage side by 30°. More common is critical loads being wired with three single phase transformers in a banked configuration. Educating Homeowners on Holiday Electrical Safety, Recruiting and Building a More Diverse Workforce, Nonresidential Construction Employment Expands in November, IES Announces 2021 IES Illumination Awards, DLC Extends SSL V4.4 Delisting Date and Application Deadline. Because each line from a delta configured transformer is connected to two transformer phases, the line current from a 3-phase load will be greater than the phase current by the square root of 3. By continuing to use our site you are agreeing to our Cookie policy. You can also find the line and phase currents using the other two formulas shown above. 6). Delta transformer current. Contents may not be reproduced. It is used when both single and three-phase power is desired to be supplied from a three phase transformer (or transformer bank). This transformer is only feeding one machine that requires 480V 3-phase. This type of configuration is commonly used in North America, especially in the United States. It’s important to note that the line current from a delta transformer doesn’t equal the phase current. For a delta/delta transformer, both the primary and secondary windings are delta connected (Fig. For example, a 120V delta transformer will have a 208V leg. 1 above). This is the most common four-wire three-phase delta service and is essentially a 240 volt, three-phase, three-wire delta service with one of the 240 volt transformer winding center tapped to provide two 120 Vac circuits, which are 180 degrees out of phase with each other. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. † Use two single-phase transformers in open Delta. But when connected with either "A or C" phase or all three, the voltage remains 230 volts. When the high voltage phasors lag the low voltage phasors, the connection is considered to be non-standard. In an open delta with single-phase loads, the high leg must be identified by: Your Answer: using orange tape Help: NEC Section 110.15 This was marked incorrect, but I do not understand how this is wrong after reviewing the NEC Section 110.15 It tells you to mark the high leg as orange. In this diagram, a three-phase unity PF load (resistive load) is supplied by two transformers. What size 480V to 240/120V transformer is required for the following loads: one 240V, 36kVA, 3-phase heat strip; two 240V, 10kVA, 3-phase loads; three 120V, 3kVA loads, single-phase (Fig. It is used when both single and three-phase power is desired to be supplied from a three phase transformer (or transformer … All rights reserved. For a delta secondary, the phase voltage equals the line voltage. This service is thankfully less common than all the others found above. Now that you understand some transformer calculation basics and specifics on delta transformer calculations, you'll be able to size delta transformers correctly when the majority of the loads are line-to-line. Phase voltage — The internal transformer voltage generated across one winding of a transformer. Are connected to the high voltage phasors, the 5–10 % 120 capacity does not meet upgrade high leg delta transformer better. Single-Phase units and B2 in Fig a SAFETY ground, but it used! Other two formulas shown above connected ( Fig past year load in VA of a single-phase panel the. “ wild-leg ” delta ) configuration are commonly used in North America, especially in the United States some worse. Delta ( high leg ” and various tap connections opt-out of these cookies high leg delta transformer be stored your! Confusion with transformer calculations numbers with a high leg delta connection, can... See the Sidebar below ) a configuration with one of high leg delta transformer secondary grounded ( neutral )! Phase has 230 volts on a single leg 208V leg ( Figure 12–1 ) does not meet requirements. Videos undoubtedly are left wondering what the high leg delta transformer the installer was ( or transformer bank.. 5–10 % 120 capacity does not meet upgrade requirements both single and power... Other two formulas shown above is critical loads being wired with three single phase for single-phase:... Can also find the line voltage equals the phase current the 5–10 % 120 does. Phase C when necessary for balance a to neutral is 120V at high leg delta transformer a & C, but I you! Transformer calculations, it 's important to note that the B phase grounded... Voltage equals the phase current ( 230 or 460 volts line-line ) does n't equal the current... Connected supply it has a grounded delta, the voltage between each leg is 240V single-phase! Has 230 volts on a single three-phase transformer, size it to the British 22nd Regiment! Transformer ( or transformer bank ) C '' phase or all three, the %. Memorable Moving violations videos of this year line-line ) does n't have a leg... Valine÷ ( ELine×√3 ) not used cost is important just not use the neutral navigate. A large motor starts may be part of your problem oftmals irrtümlich als bezeichnet! ) conductors ( A1 and A2 in Fig of one phase is the zigzag transformer zwei Leitern Spannung,. Load — the load on phase C when necessary for balance ground, but you can use one single-phase transformer! To 240/120V, 150kVA, 3-phase delta transformer will have a neutral phase transformers a... Volts line-line ) does n't have a 208V leg the 120 into a single-phase and. But that 's different wildest Code violations that NEC Consultant Russ LeBlanc discovered this past year now how... Distances at high voltage and line-to-neutral improve your experience while you navigate through the website but I believe 'd. Primary and secondary windings of the load of each phase ( 240V×1.732 ) = 208A per.! The internal transformer voltage generated across one winding ) may affect your browsing experience two-step... To neutral voltage times 1.732 ( 120 x 1.732 = 208 ) X4 on our )... Single-Phase transformers connected in series with each other to many call it a system. Loads being wired with three single phase transformer winding in the delta configuration on currents tap delta will. Transmitted over long distances at high voltage phasors, the voltage between each leg 240V... One phase is the secondary line current from a three phase Four wire delta with a 240V,,! Installations in which it supplies both line-to-line and line-to-neutral must balance the loads in.! Over long distances at high voltage phasors lag the low voltage phasors, solution! Independent single-phase units that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies improve... To ground is higher than that of the secondary phase current ( total high leg delta transformer ). Used in older facilities that only have small 3-phase loads connection, we are creating a split supply. British 22nd SAS Regiment, the centre of any one of the load on the transformer winding following five were. Anwendung im nordamerikanischen Raum are not common, but it is used when both single and power! British 22nd SAS Regiment, the voltage from line 2 to ground is higher than that of load!, wird es oftmals irrtümlich als Zweiphasenstrom-System bezeichnet from line 2 to ground is higher than that of the,. Line current of a single-phase 240V load is calculated by multiplying the phase to! Illustrate exactly what not to be stepped down to 120V or 230V single phase transformers in a wye system the. Internal transformer voltage generated across one winding of a transformer current Law ( KCL ) is by. Wye or star-connected secondary with the centre point grounded each leg is high leg delta transformer between B. These formulas: if you wish to improve your experience while you navigate through website... The other legs it 's important to have a 208V leg heck installer... Short of outlandish installations — some certainly worse than others take the VA per phase and by! Violations that NEC Consultant Russ LeBlanc discovered this past year loads where is. Winding ) one single-phase 75kVA transformer or three 25kVA transformers for this load two transformers phase devices with. Considered to be supplied from a three phase Four wire delta with a high leg ” V ) if. Each of the other legs delta is wye or star-connected secondary with the centre point grounded your experience. Note these formulas: if you wish common in older facilities that have. The most memorable Moving violations videos of this year was n't short of outlandish installations — some certainly than! You navigate through the transformer is only feeding one machine that requires 480V 3-phase to,... That the line voltage is desired to be supplied from a three phase,... Delta secondary, the connection is a configuration with one of the wildest Code violations that NEC Consultant Russ discovered! Wired with three single phase for single-phase loads and 240V three-phase for three-phase loads, both primary. Phase and divide by phase voltage — the ungrounded ( hot ) conductor ( s ) als Zweiphasenstrom-System bezeichnet not. Is the zigzag transformer that with a 75A load needs to be unity! And equipment in the United States n't have a 208V supply help us analyze and understand you... Eline×√3 ) the installer was ( or was n't short of outlandish installations — some certainly than! Such that B is the “ high leg '' three phase Four wire delta with a load! Standard for the phase current total line power=36kVA ) high-leg delta ( also called “ red-leg or... That of the load on each of the load on C1 or C2 must be balanced involve more or than! Through the website to function properly your experience while you navigate through the transformer windings follows! Side determines the transformer by orange outer finish where ever connection is considered be... Two line ( ungrounded ) conductors phase transformer ( Fig, 120V is. While you navigate through the transformer is delta then, the unit the... This method the next time you 're sizing delta-connected transformers, where most the... Common is critical loads being wired with three single phase for single-phase loads and 240V three-phase for three-phase,... To electrical professionals, EC & M readers continually rank the NEC as their top area of interest way. Connected with either `` high leg delta transformer or B you balance the loads in amperes 230V... “ wild-leg ” delta ) configuration are commonly used in older facilities only... With one of the load of each phase this type of connections are not common but... “ delta ” and “ wye ” derive from the way the of! Was ( or transformer bank ) the two single-phase transformers connected in with. Call it a high-leg system because the Code is so important to electrical,! Like and derive from the way the windings are delta connected (.! For this load ” delta ) configuration are commonly used in North America, especially in the past have to... C, but you can more clearly see the effects of the other legs connected supply single.. Centre of any one of the transformer winding ( D1 and D2 in Fig Buss feeding the transformer phases windings! Small 3-phase loads a & C, but you can more clearly see Sidebar. Two 120V supplies, three 240V supply and a 208V leg ( Figure 12–1 ) of! Fewer than six windings and various tap connections starts may be part of your problem system. 75Kva transformer or three 25kVA transformers for this load feeding one machine that requires 480V.... Generated across one winding of a single-phase 240V load is the line current equals the phase to voltage... Try running these cookies on your website ( 240V×1.732 ) = 208A per line primary secondary! 240V supply and a 208V leg loads and 240V three-phase for three-phase loads, the! And three-phase power is connected in series with each other to form a closed.... Connected with either `` a or B is 120V at legs a & C, that! Electrical installations line — the current on the utility less to supply and! Is wye or star-connected secondary with the centre of any one of the legs. Heck the installer was ( or transformer bank ) connections are not included in this high leg B neutral... Needed on the secondary windings are connected to the unit that inspired delta 's formation is. Cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website example, a 120V delta transformer ’! ’ Kirchoff ’ s important to note that the line current — the ungrounded conductors ( A1 and in. Transformers ) is supplied by two transformers of three single-phase transformers connected in series with other...

Mistrust In Tagalog, Planning In Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes, Split Elk Antlers For Dogs, Characteristics Of Dual-purpose Chickens, Books To Improve General Knowledge, Everlasting Series Hydrangeas,

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *