Furthermore, this characteristic is valuable in cases of celiac diseases as well as reducing coronary heart diseases and cancer rates. What is Chestnut Leaves Like?  Generally, glucose content in European chestnuts is very low and ranges from zero to traces. , Castanea sativa is considered as having very interesting nutritional characteristics. The sweet chestnut species planted in Europe and America are very sensitive to these pathogens. The Latin sativa means "cultivated by humans". They are 5 to 8 inches long. , Another serious pest which is difficult to control is the gall wasp (Dryocosmus kuriphylus) which was recently introduced in Southern Europe, originating from Asia. The leaf is very large and sharply toothed and has a glossy upper surface. You can find both old and new sweet chestnut coppicing in various areas of Britain. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. , Sweet chestnut has been listed as one of the 38 substances used to prepare Bach flower remedies, a kind of alternative medicine promoted for its supposed effect on health.  Various composition and health studies have shown its big potential as a food ingredient and functional food. Of the non-ornamental native trees, the most deserving of the skull-and-crossbones warning are those that produce cyanide in their wilted leaves. The chestnut tree produces clusters of edible nuts. It is thought to have survived the last Ice Age in several refuges in southern Europe, on the southern coast of the Black Sea with a main centre on the southern slope of the Caucasus and in the region of north-western Syria, possibly extending into Lebanon. 8 no. In contrast to a cold storage system, where the fruits are stored at low temperatures in untreated air, the controlled environment method avoids flesh hardening which negatively impacts the processability of the product.. The seeds develop inside the prickly, green seed cases.Identified in winter by: the bark which has fissures that spiral upwards around the tree. Severely infested shoots produce small, bunched leaves with reduced photosynthetic capacity (Figure A). Sweet chestnut is a deciduous tree which can reach 35m when mature and live for up to 700 years. The leaves turn brown, but remain attached to the tree. The Sweet Chestnut has been planted in large quantities in the South East for charcoal manufacture. The tree's huge population was due to a combination of rapid gro… Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. Castanea sativa, the sweet chestnut, Spanish chestnut or just chestnut, is a species of tree in the family Fagaceae, native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor, and widely cultivated throughout the temperate world. 31:8; R.V., "plane trees").It is probably the Oriental plane tree … GB520 6111 04. “Just like you can’t throw a corn seed in the ground and walk away from it, neither can you walk away from a chestnut tree,” says Wahl. Young trees can also suffer from squirrel damage. Roast ch… The leaves are completely different, with sweet chestnut having single, long, serrated leaves and horse chestnut having hand-shaped leaves with deeply divided lobes or ‘fingers’. The leaves of the horse chestnut are palmately compound--with five leaflets radiating from the center of the stalk--and have fine-toothed margins. The bark is grey-purple and smooth, and develops vertical fissures with age.  The fat content is very low and is dominated for the most part by unsaturated fatty acids. The leaves are oblong and the flowers are white. European chestnut trees have dark green leaves that are slightly furry. The flowers of both sexes are borne in 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, upright catkins, the male flowers in the upper part and female flowers in the lower part. Castanea dentata is a rapidly growing deciduous hardwood tree, historically reaching up to 30 metres (98 ft) in height, and 3 metres (9.8 ft) in diameter. Under forest conditions, it will tolerate moderate shade well. They vary in size, from 4 to 10 inches long. Inside, there is an edible, creamy-white part developed from the cotyledon.. Controlled using insecticides, however this is less effective when dealing with large infestations. Chestnut trees require well-drained soils on the acidic side of the pH scale.  It is also a good fuel, though not favoured for open fires as it tends to spit. 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