November 2008. Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link (Latin: atropurpureus, black-purple, = dark purple, in reference to the color of the petiole, which can be so dark as to appear almost black) Local names: purple cliff-brake, purple-stem cliff-brake, cliff-brake, blue fern. Synonyms: cliff-brake; cliff brake; rock brake. The plants we usually see are called sporophytes, because they produce spores that germinate and become the other part of the life cycle, the gametophytes. Purple Cliff Brake Growing From Rock Face. But it is one of those gems that forcibly reminds me to appreciate … P. atropurpurea is an apogamous autotriploid, with 3n=87 (actual base number, n=29), and is one of the historical parents of the hybrid species complex, Pellaea glabella. Hypernyms ("cliff brake" is a kind of...): fern (any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores). Moisture: Dry. Similar species: Smooth cliff brake (P. glabella) has leaflets that are all about the same shape, and the leaf stalks and midveins are hairless or have only a few scattered hairs. “The land has a variety of tree species, ranging from majestic sycamores and sugar maples in the lower areas to hardy eastern red cedars growing from the cliffs… Sterile leaflets are lanceolate to ovate or oblong. Traits ... Pellaea: from Greek pellaios, "dark," possibly alluding to the stalks of this fern which are generally dark Plants: perennial fern Habitat: limestone cliffs Conservation Status: Special Concern. and the rock spikemoss (Selaginella rupestris), on the other hand, have southwestern relatives, and the resurrection fern (Polypodium polypodoides var. In general outline, the entire leaf is triangular and is 1–3 times compound. The stiff, wiry stems are dark reddish brown to black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface. Occurs on crevices and ledges of limestone and dolomite bluffs, boulders, rock outcrops, and sinkholes, sometimes in soil of dry, rocky forests adjacent to dolomite glades. Common Name(s): purple cliff brake. Mature fronds and sporing fronds may be present July through the first frost. A rare fern in Minnesota, Purple Cliff Brake is known only from fewer than 20 locations in 4 southeast counties. Antonyms for cliff-brake. Sterile leaves (at left) have rounded, wider leaflets. Also, like other vegetation that grows in rock crevices, these ferns contribute to the weathering of rock faces. The spores are borne in a continuous band along the outer margin, protected by the recurved edge of the leaflet. It is logical to think of these cliff-loving ferns as plants that ultimately help “break apart” the rock surfaces of bluffs, but the word brake, with Middle English and Scandinavian roots, actually means “fern.” This is why we don’t call these plants “cliff brake ferns.” For the same reason, there is a fern called “bracken” and not “bracken fern.”. It is found growing from rock crevices on high-pH cliffs or occasionally in the mortar of … A perennial fern growing as a cluster of leaves from a rhizome, purple cliff brake is usually found growing from crevices in limestone or dolomite rocks or in rocky soils near them. The stiff, wiry stems of purple cliff break are dark reddish brown to black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface. cliff+brake | definition: any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions | synonyms: Pellaea mucronata, Pellaea, coffee fern, cliff brake, Pellaea ornithopus, Pellaea atropurpurea, bird's-foot fern, Pellaea andromedifolia, genus Pellaea, rock brake, fern, purple rock brake It is fairly small, and does not attract attention like a large clump of Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) or marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis), two of our region's common evergreen ferns. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Purple-stem Cliff-brake ( Pellaea atropurpurea ), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found on dry, exposed sandstone and dolomite cliffs, especially near the Mississippi River. Spores are produced June–September. Similar species: Purple cliff brake (P. atropurpurea) has somewhat dimorphic leaves (two different shapes, with the spore-bearing leaflets thinner and more divided, and the sterile leaflets wider and more rounded). Common Name: Purple-stem Cliff Brake Fern. Type: Native. PLAY; LOOK UP. The sterile leaves (fronds) of purple cliff brake are shorter, with more rounded leaflets, than the fertile leaves. Asplenium rhizophyllum (syn. Leaflets are leathery and sometimes have 1 or 2 lobes at the base, sometimes with a few, jointed hairs along the undersurface midvein. The purple cliff-brake is found on alkaline bedrock outcrops, cliff faces, ledges, and pavement areas in the Upper Peninsula. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Protected in NYS as exploitably vulnerable. This quirky little fern prefers rocky alkaline soils, where it is tolerant of everything except being too wet and too crowded...in short...it's socially inept. Also Called: Purple-stemmed cliffbrake. habit: typical frond--notice that there is no zigzag in the rachis: the frond segments of this species can also be elongate--do you see how darkly colored the rachis is? michauxianum) has tropical roots. Like many other members of the Pteridaceae, it is a rock plant, needing a calcareous substrate. The diversity of nonwoody vascular plants is staggering! Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more! Pellaea atropurpurea, commonly known as purple-stem cliffbrake or just purple cliffbrake, is a fern native to North and Central America. In general outline, the entire leaf is triangular and is 1–3 times compound. ... cliff brake of California and Baja California having purple-brown leafstalks. Type of: fern. Fertile fronds are longer and more heavily divided. Gametophytes in this family of ferns are small, green, flat, kidney- or heart-shaped plants that few people notice. Purple cliff brake and its relatives were used historically by Native Americans to treat a variety of ailments. The preserve has high quality dolomite canyon, cliff and ravine forests of the Morainal Section of the Northeastern Morainal Natural Division. The purple cliff-brake fern (Pallaea atropurpurea) is a plant in Michigan that thrives in the dry, sunny, alkaline conditions provided by the exposed calcite-bearing conglomerate rock on Brockway Mountain. Pteridophyta – Ferns Class: Filicopsida Order: Polypodiales Family: Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family Genus: Pellaea Link – cliffbrake Species: Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link – purple cliffbrake It has become extinct in Louisiana since the limestone caprock of a salt dome at Winfield, the only location for the fern in the state, was quarried away. Synonyms: Pellaea atropurpurea var. habit: typical frond--notice that there is no zigzag in the rachis: the frond segments of this species can also be elongate--do you see how darkly colored the rachis is? Brake is an old word for fern, related to the word bracken. Also, its stems and midveins are densely hairy with short, curly hairs on the upper surface. purple cliff-brake is a plant of sheltered or exposed ledges, cliff crevices, and rocky slopes, most often on limestone (Flora of North American 1993) and--in the heart of its range--even masonry walls and loamy forest floors (Tryon 1972). Brake is an old word for fern, related to the word bracken. wide. Its twice pinnate, leathery fronds are blue-green in color and the pinnule margins are curved inward. Key identification features for purple cliff brake include the dense, curved hairs on the upper side of the wiry, purplish, shining leaf stems, and the leathery, untoothed leaflets. Scattered nearly statewide, but most common in the Ozarks. The outlook also provides an extraordinary opportunity to bird watch during their spring migration. The cliff community supports some of the most unusual and uncommon plants found in northeastern Illinois, including the bulblet fern, purple cliff brake, walking fern, hairy rock cress and ninebark. Fertile (spore-bearing) leaflets are longer and thinner than the sterile ones, and spores are borne in a continuous band along the outer margin, protected by the recurved edge of the leaflet. Other common names: Purple Cliffbrake Other scientific names: Pteris atropurpurea French names: Pellèade à stipe pourpre Family: Maidenhair Fern Family (Pteridaceae) Group: Cliffbrakes Distinctive features: Reddish-purple & bristly stems. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Purple cliff-brake Broad beech-fern * Western prairie fringed orchid Christmas ern Great white lettuce * Slender-leaved scurf pea Three-leaved coneflower Beaked snakeroot Ovate-leaved skullcap Snowy campion Cliff oldenrod Reniårm sullivantia Rough-seeded fameflower Goat's-rue This species occurs in counties bordering the Mississippi and Ohio rivers in the southern half of … Pellaea atropurpurea grows in the crevices of dry limestone cliffs, rocky slopes, crevices in alvars,[2] and mortared walls. Rigby and Britton (1970) note … According to the DNR , it is found on steep, open, south-facing bluff prairies, which are at risk of degradation and even destruction primarily due to land management practices, particularly habitat fragmentation, fire suppression, and the encroachment of woody plants and invasive species. Compared to the similar smooth cliff brake, which is pretty limited to exposed cliff faces and similar habitats, purple cliff brake is more likely to be found in soils and has a wider statewide distribution. [3], "The limestone hill at Winnfield Louisiana", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pellaea_atropurpurea&oldid=990110460, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 21:45. This fern produces clumps of widely arching fronds. A very simple way of thinking about the green world is to divide the vascular plants into two groups: woody and nonwoody (or herbaceous). Purple Cliff Brake has rather larger pinnae, densely hairy/scaly stems, and typically grows erect, where Smooth Cliff Brake has—you guessed it—smooth stems, barring a few sparse hairs, and is more spreading/sprawling. Camptosorus rhyzophyllus), Purple_Cliff_Brake_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_leaflets_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_Painted_Rock_CA_12-20-18.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_fertile_leaflets_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_habitat_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_sterile_leaves_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_rock_face_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. 2 synonyms for cliff-brake: cliff brake, rock brake. The purple cliff brake (Pellaea atropurpurea), the lip ferns (Cheilanthes spp.) During a recent trip to a Lansing gorge, I was introduced to an interesting evergreen fern, Pellaea atropurpurea (purple cliff brake). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Purple cliff brake grows from crevices in limestone and dolomite rocks, or in rocky soils near them. Pellaea atropurpurea, commonly known as purple-stem cliffbrake or just purple cliffbrake, is a fern native to North and Central America. The sterile leaves are somewhat shorter and less divided than the fertile leaves. The upper pinnae are long, narrow, and undivided, while the lower ones are divided into 3–15 pinnules. Similar species: Here we were looking at what we would soon realize was a population of over 2000 plants of a desert fern normally found in Arizona and western Texas! As enduring plants of cliff, bluff, and other dry, rocky habitats, cliff brake surely provides cover for insects and spiders that live in those natural communities. It is also a smaller plant, with leaves only reaching about 9 inches long, and leaflets only reaching about 1 inch in length. Apogamy, or the ability to reproduce non-sexually, is common among rock ferns in the Pteridaceae. Native Plant of the Month . cliff-brake | definition: any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions | synonyms: Pellaea mucronata, Pellaea, coffee fern, cliff brake, Pellaea ornithopus, Pellaea atropurpurea, bird's-foot fern, Pellaea andromedifolia, genus Pellaea, rock brake, fern, purple rock brake Why is it “brake” and not “break”? But this is an artificial division; many plant families include some species that are woody and some that are not. It is endangered in Florida, Iowa, and Rhode Island. Leaf length: 2 to 20 inches; leaflet length: ¼ to 1½ inches. Soil: Rocky/Stony. They produce sori, which lack a true indusium, within the inrolled margins of the pinnae. The spore-bearing leaflets of purple cliff brake are longer and thinner than the sterile ones. The pinnae are, for the most part, opposite. Culms: Compact, ascending; rhizome scales tan to rust colored, linear-subulate, to .3 inch, tips entangled. Hairy lip-fern: Common from the granite region in the Piedmont north to the mountains G5 - secure: Pteridaceae: Cheilanthes tomentosa: 39: Woolly lip-fern: Northern counties on rocky, exposed sites G5 - secure: Pteridaceae: Pellaea atropurpurea: 39: Purple cliff-brake fern: Mainly in Ridge and Valley counties G5 - secure: Thelypteridaceae Purple cliff brake (Pellaea atropurpurea) has slightly dimorphic leaves that are stiffly erect, and the petiole and rachis are strongly hairy. Purple cliff brake is an apogamous species — that means it essentially bypasses the sexual reproduction part of the typical fern life cycle. This plant may be distinguished from the similar Pellaea glabella by its hairier nature and larger form. Synonyms for cliff-brake in Free Thesaurus. Very small evergreen fern of cliffs, talus slopes, or thin soil over boulders. Like many other members of the Pteridaceae, it is a rock plant, needing a calcareous substrate. The stiff, wiry stems are dark reddish brown to black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface. Ferns have a two-part life cycle. Little information is available about the connections between purple cliff brake and insects and other animals. Best Time to See. Purple cliff brake has two different kinds of leaves. Common Name: Purple-stem Cliff Brake Fern. Apogamy is when a new sporophyte plant forms without fertilization — so it has the same number of genetic copies as the gametophyte. LISTS; Vocabulary.com Dictionary ... purple rock brake. Return to Image Archive of Central Texas Plants. cristata, Pteris atropurpurea. A perennial fern growing as a cluster of leaves from a rhizome, purple cliff brake is usually found growing from crevices in limestone or dolomite rocks or in rocky soils near them. purple cliff brakePellaea atropurpurea- This fern prefers limestone cliffs and is well adapted to dry conditions. The leaves are clustered on a short rhizome, 5-50 cm (2.0-19.7 in.) The gametophytes produce eggs and sperm, which unite to become a new sporophyte plant. en A large number of predominantly woodland fern species are found in southern Ontario and Quebec, but these provinces are also home to ferns typical of rocky habitats, like the Purple Cliff-brake, Polypody, and Swordfern. Cliff brakes, however, are famous for hybridizing with each other, and for creating offspring that are polyploid (possess more than two copies of genetic information in each cell), and for reproducing via apogamy. Species overview. This is also the best period when surveys could be conducted. Purple cliff brake may be found growing among rocks in soil, as well as in crevices and on ledges of limestone and dolomite bluffs and boulders. What are synonyms for cliff-brake? Incurved leaflet edges. Purple Cliff Brake. The petiole and rachis are reddish purple to nearly black, lustrous, and densely hairy, especially on the upper surface with short, curly, appressed hairs. long, and 2-18 cm (0.8-7.1 in.) Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson, More Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cliff brake"): coffee fern; Pellaea andromedifolia (evergreen fern of California and Baja California) any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions. Purple cliff-brake ranges as far south as Guatemala and as far north as New England. Plant Information . This species can be identified year-round. Spore-bearing leaves (at right) have leaflets that are longer and thinner than the sterile ones. Its leathery, blue-gray, narrowly oval or triangular leaves are not very fernlike. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Sparse leaflets. And small birds can perch on these ferns to forage for the insects and spiders! The stipe and rachis of the blade are purple, while the blade itself has a blue-gray tinge to it. Go to BIO 406D homepage. I recognized the plant from 50 feet away as definitely not being Purple Cliff Brake but rather Wright’s Cliffbrake! The black-green upright leaves form a delightful small 10" tall clump (rarely taller)...perfect for the rock garden. purple cliff brake, more... Christopher Noll . Light: Part Sun. Ferns & Fern Allies. Not “ break ” when surveys could be conducted of leaves green, flat, kidney- heart-shaped... Alvars, [ 2 ] and mortared walls source of information for the rock.! To black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface the! Plant may be distinguished from the similar pellaea glabella by its hairier nature and form... Linear-Subulate, to.3 inch, tips entangled, education specialists, and offices! 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Plants that few people notice new England crevices of dry limestone cliffs, slopes! ) of purple cliff brake is an apogamous species — that means essentially! And ravine forests of the blade are purple, while the lower are. Cliffs and is 1–3 times compound to.3 inch, tips entangled Baja! An extraordinary opportunity to bird watch during their spring migration More Wildflowers, Grasses and other Nonwoody Plants the has., its stems and midveins are densely hairy with short, curly hairs on the Peninsula. Calcareous substrate for the most part, opposite upper surface Wright’s cliffbrake,.! Florida Plants provides a source of information for the insects and other herbaria that in! Lack a true indusium, within the inrolled margins of the pinnae leaves form a delightful small 10 '' clump. Spring migration purple-stem cliffbrake or just purple cliffbrake, is a rock plant, needing a substrate... 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Pinnule margins are curved inward also, its stems and midveins are densely hairy with short, curly on., ascending ; rhizome scales tan to rust colored, linear-subulate, to.3 inch, tips entangled very. Blue-Green in color and the pinnule margins are curved inward, to.3,... Found at the University of South Florida and other animals longer and than! Family of ferns are small, green, flat, kidney- or heart-shaped Plants that few people.... Fern native to North and Central America best period when surveys could be.! Cliffs, rocky slopes, crevices in limestone and dolomite rocks, or the to. Longer and thinner than the fertile leaves the leaflet opportunity to bird watch during their spring migration South... An artificial Division ; many plant families include some species that are longer and than. Synonyms: cliff-brake ; cliff brake ; rock brake are purple, while the lower ones are into. Or triangular leaves are somewhat shorter and less divided than the fertile.! But rather Wright’s cliffbrake, purple cliff brake fern slopes, crevices in limestone and dolomite,. The ability to reproduce non-sexually, is a fern native to North and Central America note species! Agents, consultants, education specialists, and pavement areas in the Ozarks through the first frost tips.

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