13-15). Not long after this moment, the prophecy of Birnam Wood comes true. Because of the withes prophecy, Macbeth thinks he cannot be killed by anyone born by a woman and there he shouldn't be afraid, he states, "That was not born of woman? Hubris In Macbeth. ‘Is this a dagger which I see before me?’ II.1 Macbeth’s soliloquy, supernatural vision (or alternatively madness), violence — foreshadowing Duncan’s death, madness, manipulation by witches, rhetorical question — asking no one — is he being tricked by the witches, or is his own mind descending into madness? Macbeth does not think that he can kill again. Macbeth. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Macbeth: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. Unfortunately, for Macbeth, this sense of security is false. HUBRIS PERIPETEIA Lady Macbeth, I fear our murderous deeds. He only cares about himself, and his pride will not let him surrender. When Macbeth first appears at the start of the play, he is brave, honorable, and moral—qualities that... 'Vaulting' Ambition. The Three Witches tell Macbeth a prophecy that causes Macbeth to take matters into his hands (ambition). Macbeth must kill Ducan, make it appear that two servants murdered him, kill the servants, and pretend to grieve about the death of Duncan. Thanks for reading, if you’re studying Macbeth and need extra help with essays and analysis, take a look at our full course here: https://scrbbly.teachable.com/p/macbeth, “Fair is foul and foul is fair:” I.I Witches, chiasmus, fricative alliteration, antithesis, trochaic tetrameter (falling rhythm) > fair — ‘Jacobean’ meaning is beautiful, blonde/fair haired, honest / just — beauty is ugly / horrible, and that ugliness is beautiful; things that are just are wrong and things that seem wrong are right, “So foul and fair a day I have not seen” Macbeth’s first line in I.3, “most disloyal traitor, The thane of Cawdor” (I.2 Ross to King Duncan) > before Macbeth is made Thane of Cawdor, ‘Unseam’d him from the nave to’th’chops, and fixed his head upon the battlements’ 1.2 > asks us to question Macbeth’s nature, ‘brave Macbeth — well he deserves that name’ / “O valiant cousin, worthy gentleman” (I.2 Captain describes Macbeth- Duncan to Macbeth), “Thou shalt get Kings, though thou be none” I.3 Banquo’s prophecy, “The instruments of darkness” I.3 Banquo, about witches — metaphor, suggesting that darkness works through them, “You should be women, and yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are so” (I.3 Banquo to witches) > actors were all men in Jacobean era, arguably this is a source of humour which amplifies the later tragedy, relates to the theme of gender, similarly to ‘unsex me here’ I.5 Lady Macbeth (monosyllabic lexis — single syllable words that create a heavy, intense feeling and stand out from the rest of the character’s complex, rhetorical language) at the time it would have been seen as uncanny and frightening for a woman to want to neutralise her gender, “Why do you start, and seem to fear things that do sound so fair?”(I.3 Banquo to Macbeth, assonance of ‘fear’ / ‘fair’), ‘One cried ‘God bless us!’ and ‘Amen’ the other; ‘ ‘I had most need of blessing, and ‘Amen’ stuck in my throat’ > II.2 Macbeth — Abandonment of God, suggestion that evil has taken over the castle, that Macbeth’s actions have led God away from him (setting — very little light, dark gloomy castle, light representing clearness/God), “Look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under’t” (Fair is foul) I.5 LM to Macbeth — antithesis, biblical allusion to Garden of Eden, sin and temptation, “I fear thy nature;/ is too full o’th’milk of human kindness/to catch the nearest way” 1.5 LM to Macbeth (caesura / enjambment) Relates to gender roles, shows LM to portray Macbeth as effeminate, ‘milk’ is a nurturing force, perhaps relates also to the fact that LM and M cannot have children, Macbeth wears a ‘fruitless crown’ as he bears no heirs, ‘This castle hath a pleasant seat’ I.6 Duncan, entering Inverness (situational irony, shows his good nature, comic element in the tragedy as he comments on the ‘pleasant’ atmosphere of the dark castle where he is about to meet his doom), ‘Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself’ > 1.7 Macbeth soliloquy exploring his motivations for murder — his fatal flaw is ‘ambition’, personification. 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